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Parenting a Highly Sensitive Child: A Guide to Calm

Hi, I'm Jill!

I’m a mama-in-training of a highly sensitive son. I love yoga pants, dungeness crab season, and working from my San Francisco flat in my PJs. My mission? To help other mamas raise a thriving highly sensitive child without losing their ever-lovin’ minds!

More About Me  →






Want to find out if your child's sensitivity means something more?


You thought you knew parenting, but parenting a highly sensitive child is like playing the game on hard mode. And yet, it’s one of the most rewarding roles you’ll ever take on. With each scroll, you’ll get closer to understanding their unique world—how they think, feel and react so deeply to life around them.

We’re diving into what makes these sensitive children tick—their intense emotions that run deep and strong. You’ll learn ways to help your child deal with overwhelming situations without hitting meltdown mode. By the end of this read, managing those big feelings and finding just-right discipline strategies will seem less daunting.

This isn’t about changing who they are; it’s about embracing every bit of their incredible sensitivity—and guiding them through life with care.

Highly sensitive child hugging her mother from behind

Recognizing the Traits of a Highly Sensitive Child

Do you notice your child feeling things deeply, perhaps more than other kids their age? This might be a sign that they are highly sensitive. A highly sensitive child (HSC), as defined by psychologist Elaine Aron, often shows strong feelings and intense emotions that set them apart from their peers.

Intense Emotions as a Hallmark of Sensitivity

Sensitivity in kids isn’t just about being emotional; it’s how they experience those emotions with such vividness. When an HSC feels joy or sadness, these aren’t mere footnotes to their day—they’re headline news stories. Their reactions can seem dramatic but for them, the intensity is real and all-consuming.

An HSC’s heart doesn’t just flutter at faint sounds or subtle smells—it races. They live in high definition when it comes to processing emotions and sensations—every nuance matters greatly to them.

The Observant Overthinker in Your Life

Highly sensitive children often have trouble making decisions and may overthink things as they tend to consider every option carefully. They sometimes seem lost in thought, pondering over everything meticulously. From detecting subtleties others may miss to reflecting on life’s complexities far beyond what one would expect for their age— highly sensitive children take everything into account before making any move.

This depth makes simple decisions feel monumental because every angle must be considered thoroughly first—a clear demonstration of why understanding these key characteristics is essential for anyone who wants to connect truly with an HSC.

Highly sensitive children may see a minor correction as more than just feedback; they can perceive it as a deep betrayal of trust. Their strong sense of justice and heightened emotional experience means that even gentle guidance needs to be handled with care. These kids often react strongly, not out of defiance, but because their high sensitivity wires them for intense responses.

Trust and Emotional Reactions

To support your child’s need for security, consider framing corrections in a way that maintains their dignity. Let’s say you’re correcting behavior at the dinner table—it’s about guiding rather than reprimanding. You might softly point out what could hurt someone or cause discomfort, turning the moment into an opportunity for empathy rather than conflict.

This approach nurtures trust between you and your child while acknowledging their emotional experience without overwhelming them. Remembering this delicate balance is key when helping highly sensitive children navigate everyday challenges.

Sensory Processing in Highly Sensitive Kids

Imagine a world where the hum of a refrigerator sounds like an orchestra, and the flicker of fluorescent lighting feels like strobe lights at a concert. For highly sensitive kids (HSCs), this is their reality. Their sensory processing sensitivity means they’re tuned into every detail—a dog’s distant bark, the texture of their socks—experiencing life with heightened awareness.

The World Through Their Senses

It’s not just about being easily overwhelmed; it’s how sensitive brains work. They process everything more deeply—from loud noises to subtle smells—which can be both beautiful and challenging. HSCs are sensory explorers but may struggle when there’s too much to take in all at once.

To understand these experiences better, think of them as having a sensitive brain that doesn’t filter out stimuli as others might do. This can lead to remarkable creativity and empathy but also makes environments others find normal—like crowded classrooms or busy playgrounds—intense for them.

Parenting a Highly Sensitive Child

Sensory Overload and Its Impact

The impact of sensory overload is significant. Small shifts in routine or unexpected sensations can quickly become overwhelming, leading to what some mistakenly label as overreactions but are actually natural responses for someone with high levels of environmental sensitivity who needs extra support managing their surroundings.

This overload isn’t simply behavioral—it affects mental health too, requiring understanding from parents on how best to help their child learn coping mechanisms without harsh discipline that could damage trust further.

Managing Meltdowns and Overstimulation

Moms know, when a highly sensitive child hits meltdown mode, it can feel like defusing a bomb. They may seem fine one moment but quickly become easily overstimulated in busy environments like a birthday party. The key is to recognize the signs early on because these kids often have explosive reactions to minor conflicts due to their high levels of sensory input.

Preventing Overstimulation at Social Events

To help your child navigate stimulating situations without becoming overwhelmed, planning ahead is crucial. Start with setting clear expectations before the event so they know what will happen and how long you’ll stay. Also, bring along familiar items that comfort them—this familiarity can be an anchor amidst the chaos of celebration.

You might even want to scout out a quiet space where they can retreat if things get too intense—a proactive step that lets them recalibrate away from triggers like loud music or crowds.

Child blowing out a candle on a cake at their birthday party. Parentings and children are gathered around the cake.

Calming Techniques for Anxious Moments

If your child does start to feel anxious about new or unfamiliar situations, having calming techniques ready can make all the difference. Teach them deep breathing exercises or encourage squeezing a stress ball—simple tools that give back some control over their feelings.

Acknowledge their emotions by saying something like “I see this is tough for you,” then guide them through using those strategies until they find relief from anxiety’s grip—and always celebrate their efforts afterward.

Discipline Strategies for Highly Sensitive Children

Parenting a highly sensitive child means adjusting your discipline strategies to match their unique needs. It’s about finding that sweet spot where guidance meets understanding—a balance that respects their heightened emotional and sensory experiences while still setting clear boundaries.

For highly sensitive children, harsh discipline can do more harm than good. Their intense emotions are real and felt deeply, so empathy is key. But let’s get practical—when they cross a line, it’s not just about correcting them; it’s how you correct them. A gentle voice coupled with firm resolve goes miles further than strict reprimands.

Sensitive kids might see a simple correction as distrustful or upsetting because of their high levels of sensitivity to both social cues and sensory input. Instead of raising your voice, try lowering yourself to eye level and offering choices that empower: “Would you like help expressing what upset you, or would some quiet time help you settle?” This approach lets the child learn self-regulation without feeling overwhelmed by negative stimuli which could lead to meltdowns—an outcome we all want to avoid.

FAQs in Relation to Parenting a Highly Sensitive Child

How do you discipline a highly sensitive child?

Discipline with gentle guidance. Stay calm, set clear boundaries, and give them space to process emotions.

How do you deal with an overly sensitive child?

Acknowledge their feelings first. Then, offer comfort and help them find solutions together.

What causes a child to be highly sensitive?

High sensitivity in kids is often innate. Their brains are wired to feel things deeply from birth.

Is HSP considered neurodivergent?

HSP isn’t officially listed as neurodivergent but shares similar sensory processing traits.


Parenting a highly sensitive child is indeed a delicate dance. It’s about recognizing their profound emotions and guiding them with empathy.

Remember, they notice every subtlety, feel each moment deeply. Their sensitivity isn’t bad; it’s simply how they experience the world.

Navigating this path means understanding sensory overload—knowing when to step in before the overwhelm hits. You’ve learned techniques for calming anxious moments and managing meltdowns effectively.

In discipline, approach with gentleness—a harsh word weighs heavy on their hearts. These kids need extra support as they process emotions differently than others do.

To wrap up: be patient, stay observant of those faint sounds or subtle smells that affect your child, and let love lead your way through the highs and lows of parenting a highly sensitive child.

Parenting a Highly Sensitive Child: A Guide to Calm

Jill Gilbert

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